Heat Treatment of Pallets
Is your company shipping internationally? If you are, your products may need to be shipped on pallets that have been heat treated. This process eliminates the chance that certain insects could hitch a ride across the border.
It is likely your company is doing some business in another country or is looking to do so in the future. The following release is an update identifying the requirements of each country pertaining to wood packaging materials.
Any questions, please call us and our sales team will help you with the answers.
ISPM 15 Solid Wood Packaging Update
As of March 3, 2008
Countries with implementation changes since last update (October 23, 2006):
Taiwan: Will enforce ISPM 15 on July 2008.
United States: Has incorporated the 24-hr methyl bromide fumigation schedule in their requirements for imported packaging effective February 7, 2008.
Proposed change between US and Canada (information relayed to NWPCA by the USDA APHIS Forestry Products Trade Director)
The U.S. Department of Agriculture's Animal & Plant Health Inspection Service APHIS) and Canada Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) have determined the ISPM 15 wood packaging exemption between the two countries has become disadvantageous to controlling the introduction and spread of invasive species.
The growing number of invasive species establishing in the two countries mandates the removal of the ISPM No. 15 exemption to further insure the safety of our groves, orchards, forests and nurseries. The USDA and CFIA are developing an action plan which involves a 2 year phase-in period. The three phases of implementation will take part in four steps:
1. One year for industry preparations to comply with the standard.
2. Phase 1: Six months of informed compliance. Notices will be posted in connection with cargo that contains non compliant WPM.
3. Phase 2: Six months of rejection of violative non-compliant wood crates and wood pallets through re-exportation. Informed compliance and notices posted in cargo with other types of non compliant WPM (dunnage, blocking and bracing).
4. Phase 3: Full Enforcement on all articles of regulated WPM entering United States of America and North America. Shipments containing non-compliant regulated WPM will not be allowed to enter United States of America.
An official start dates will be announced after further discussions with CFIA, Customs and Border Protection and Canada Border Services Agency.
Summary information for countries that have begun implementation or announced plans to implement ISPM-15:
Argentina: June 1, 2006
Australia: September 1, 2004 (Variations to ISPM-15: Bark-free + packing declaration for ISPM-15 compliant WPM, 21-day rule does not apply); January 1, 2006 will add wood packaging used in break bulk and air cargo to their ISPM-15 enforcement.
Bulgaria: January 24, 2006
Bolivia: July 23, 2005 (Variation: Debarked WPM)
Brazil: June 1, 2005
Canada: September 16, 2005 (Exemption granted to U.S.)
Chile: June 1, 2005 (Variation: Debarked WPM)
China: January 1, 2006
Colombia: September 16, 2005
Costa Rica: March 19, 2006
Dominican Republic: July 1, 2006
Ecuador: September 20, 2005
Egypt: October 1, 2005
European Union: March 1, 2005
Guatemala: September 16, 2005
Honduras: February 25, 2006
India: November 1, 2004 (Variation: Phytosanitary certificate required only for WPM not ISPM-15 compliant)
Indonesia: No published date of implementation (based on their draft regulation, WPM must be debarked and a packing declaration will be required)
Japan: April 1, 2007
Jordan: November 17, 2005
Lebanon: March 26, 2006
Mexico: September 16, 2005
New Zealand: April 16, 2003 (Variation: Bark-free WPM)
Nicaragua: No published date of implementation
Nigeria: September 30, 2004
Oman: December 2006
Panama: Not yet enforcing ISPM 15
Paraguay: June 28, 2005
Peru: March 1, 2005
Philippines: June 1, 2005
Seychelles: March 1, 2006
South Africa: January 1, 2005
South Korea: June 1, 2005
Switzerland: March 1, 2005
Syria: April 1, 2006
Taiwan: July 2008
Trinidad & Tobago: September 15, 2005
Turkey: January 1, 2006 (Variation: Debarked WPM)
Ukraine: October 1, 2005
U.S.: September 16, 2005 (Exemption granted to Canada -- must provide import declaration that shipment derived from trees harvested in U.S. or Canada -- import lumber must be ISPM-15; 24-hr methyl bromide fumigation schedule in their requirements for imported packaging effective February 7, 2008)
Venezuela: June 1, 2005
Vietnam: June 5, 2005
Compliance with ISPM-15 for wood packaging materials allows for two treatment options:
Heat Treatment (HT): Wood packaging material should be heated in a schedule that achieves a minimum core temperature of 56ºC for a minimum of 30 minutes. The American Lumber Standards Committee administers the U.S. certification program for heat treatment.
Methyl Bromide (MB) Fumigation: The wood packaging material should be fumigated with methyl bromide. NWPCA has been tasked by the U.S. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service to administer the fumigation program.
NOTE: ISPM 15 requirements apply to all species of coniferous (softwood) and non-coniferous (hardwood) packaging materials.